Faith (in Arabic: Imaan) is the base of Islam. Whether a person is Muslimah or not is determined only based on the faith. Without faith whatever good deeds a person does, will not be accepted by Almighty Allah.
Accordingly, every Muslimah must believe 6 things in Islam. If she refutes to believe even one of them, she will not be considered as a Muslimah.
These are six articles of faith in Islam:
1. Belief in Allah
2. Belief in Angels
3. Belief in Scriptures
4. Belief in Prophets
5. Belief in "Day of Judgment”
6. Belief in Divine Decree
Belief in Allah
Please read the page mentioned below : "ALLAH (GOD)"
Belief in Angels
The Arabic word for angel is malaak. Angels were created from light. Angels do not possess free will. They worship God in total obedience. Angels' duties include communicating revelations from Allah Almighty, glorifying Allah Almighty, recording every person's actions and taking a person's soul at the time of death. They are also thought to intercede on man's behalf.
The most important names of angels and their duties are listed below:
1. Jibril (Gabriel) (Peace be upon him) - Duty: Conveying revelation to the Prophets from Allah Almighty
2. Mikkail (Michael) (Peace be upon him) - Duty: Responsible for nature and delivering food
3. Israfil (Raphael) (Peace be upon him) - Duty : Responsible for blowing the trumpet on the Day of Judgment
4. Israel (Samael) (Peace be upon him) - Duty : Responsible for death (taking a life)
5. Ridwan (Peace be upon him) - Duty : Responsible for maintaining Paradise (Jannah)
6. Maalik (Peace be upon him) - Duty : Responsible for Hellfire (Jahannam)
7. Munkar (Peace be upon him) & 8. Nakir (Peace be upon him) -
Duty : They both are responsible for testing the faith of the dead in their graves. These angels will ask the soul of the dead person questions. If the person fails the questions, the angels make the man suffer until the Day of Judgment. If the soul passes the questions, he will have a pleasant time in the grave until the Day of Judgment.
9. Raqib (Peace be upon him) & 10. Atid (Peace be upon him) -
Duty : They are responsible for recording a person's good and bad deeds
Belief in Scriptures
According to Islam, four scriptures were revealed by Allah Almighty to Messengers of Allah in various time period. However, except Al Quran, all the previous books were distorted either in interpretation, text or both. Al Quran is the final scripture revealed by Allah Almighty for the entire people of universe.
The four books are:
1. Tawrat - Revealed to Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him) in Hibr language
2. Zabur - Revealed to Prophet Dawud (David) (Peace be upon him) in Greek language
3. Injil - Revealed to Prophet Eissa (Jesus) (Peace be upon him) in Syriac language
4. Al Quran - Revealed to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in Arabic language
In addition, 110 Suhuf (Commandments) were revealed to various prophets.
1. Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) - 10
2. Prophet Sheeth (Peace be upon him) - 50
3. Prophet Idris (Enoch) (Peace be upon him) - 30
4. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (Peace be upon him) - 10
5. Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him) - 10
Belief in Prophets
According to Islam, Allah has sent 124,000 Prophets to world in different time period for different nations. Prophets were sent with the message of Allah and showed mankind the right path that will lead them to Paradise and to salvation from Hell-fire.
All the Prophets preached to their people about the message of Islam; i.e. Allah Almighty is the one and only God and submission to the will of God. They further taught their nation about the Oneness of Allah, power of Allah, what are the halal (permissible) and what are the haram (sinful) in the religion of Allah.
Each prophet was sent only for his respective nation except the last prophet, beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who was sent to the entire world. The Holy Quran, the scripture which was revealed to him, is also Almighty's last testament and it is the message for whole world.
Only 25 names of Prophets were mentioned in Al Quran. To know about them, Please read the page mentioned below :
"PROPHETS IN ISLAM" and read the biography of our beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) in page "Prophet Muhammad ﷺ" mentioned below.
Belief in Day of Judgement
Belief in the Day of Judgment is considered as a fundamental tenet of faith in Islam. Every human, whether Muslim or Non-Muslim, will die and be resurrected, be held accountable for their deeds and be judged by Allah Almighty accordingly. During divine judgment, each person's Book of Deeds, in which "every small and great thing is recorded", will be opened. Throughout the judgment, the underlying principle is complete and perfect justice administered by Allah Almighty. Accounts of the judgment are also replete with the emphasis that Allah is merciful and forgiving, and that mercy and forgiveness will be granted on that day. Anyhow whoever did not accept Allah Almighty and his beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) in his lifetime and those who worshiped other than Allah Almighty will be sent to the Hell.
Since Allah Almighty says in Al Quran:
"Surely, Allah does not forgive setting up of partners with Him, and He forgives (any other sin) lesser in degree for whom He wills. And whoever sets up partners with Allah certainly fabricates a horrible sin" Chapter: 4, Verse: 48
Further Allah Almighty says in Al Quran that even the smallest acts of the believers will not be wasted.
"So whoever does an atom’s weight of good shall see it and whoever does an atom’s weight of evil shall see it."
Chapter: 99, Verse: 7-8
Belief in Divine Decree
Predestination is the sixth article of belief in Islam. In accordance with the Islamic belief in predestination, or divine preordainment (al-qadā wa'l-qadar), Allah has full knowledge and control over all that occurs. Nothing will happen without Allah's willing.
Muslims should believe that everything in the world that occurs, good or evil, has been preordained and nothing can happen unless permitted by Allah Almighty. Although events are pre-ordained, man possesses free will in that he has the faculty to choose between right and wrong, and is thus responsible for his actions.
According to the Islamic belief, all that has been decreed by Allah Almighty has been written in al-Lawh al-Mahfūz, the "Preserved Tablet".